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In 2015, the permanent population of the Republic of Tajikistan was 8 352 000 people. The proportion of men was 50.6 percent (4 224 000 people) of the total population, and the proportion of women was 49.4 percent (4 127 000 people). Up to 73.5 percent of the total population lives in rural areas.1 The average age of the population is 25.7 years.2 According to the available statistical data, the proportion of the population below working age accounts for 34.6 percent of the total population; the working age population for 60.5 percent; and those above working age for 4.9 percent. The age structure of the rural population is similar to this.3 The agricultural sector is the main employer in the country: 65.5 percent of the population is engaged in agricultural employment.4 The share of people employed in agriculture, hunting and forestry represents 90.6 percent of the population employed in the real sector.