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Ирина Павловна Чупина Елена Васильевна Зарубина Наталья Николаевна Симачкова Людмила Анатольевна Журавлева Любовь Николаевна Петрова


Modern society faces a number of complex problems related to the legal protection of land resources. In the Russian Federation, this issue is particularly relevant, given the large territory of the country and the variety of natural conditions. Proper organization and effective functioning of the system of legal protection of lands are an integral part of ensuring environmental sustainability and socio-economic development of the state.

However, there are a number of problems that interfere with the full operation of this system. Insufficient effectiveness of control over the use of land resources, illegal actions to transfer land from one category to another, as well as lack of responsibility for violation of land legislation – all this hinders the achievement of the goals of legal protection of land in the Russian Federation.

In this article, the main problems of the existing system of legal protection of land in Russia will be considered, as well as possible ways and prospects for their solution are proposed. Special attention will be paid not only to the analysis of existing shortcomings, but also to identifying the causes of their occurrence in order to propose comprehensive measures to strengthen the legal protection of land resources in the Russian Federation. The correct solution of these problems is a key factor for ensuring the sustainable development of the country and preserving the natural wealth of our lands.

Article Details

Land economics and policies


1. Constitution of the Russian Federation" (adopted by popular vote on 12/12/1993 with amendments approved during the all-Russian vote on 07/01/2020)
2. Land Code of the Russian Federation" dated October 25, 2001 N 136-FZ (as amended on August 4, 2023) (as amended and supplemented, entered into force on September 1, 2023)
3. Federal Law "On Environmental Protection" dated January 10, 2002 N 7-FZ (latest edition)
4. Law of the Russian Federation “On Subsoil” dated February 21, 1992 N 2395-1 (latest edition)
5. Federal Law "On Specially Protected Natural Areas" dated March 14, 1995 N 33-FZ (latest edition)
6. Federal Law of July 16, 1998 N 101-FZ “On state regulation of ensuring the fertility of agricultural lands” (as amended and supplemented)
7. Water Code of the Russian Federation" dated 06/03/2006 N 74-FZ (as amended on 08/04/2023) (with amendments and additions, entered into force on 09/01/2023)
8. "Forest Code of the Russian Federation" dated December 4, 2006 N 200-FZ (as amended on August 4, 2023) (with amendments and additions, entered into force from September 1, 2023)
9. Federal Law "On the Sanitary and Epidemiological Welfare of the Population" dated March 30, 1999 N 52-FZ (latest edition)
10. Federal Law "On State Registration of Real Estate" dated July 13, 2015 N 218-FZ (latest edition)