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Ольга Александровна Рущицкая Наталья Николаевна Симачкова Яна Викторовна Воронина Татьяна Ивановна Кружкова Анастасия Викторовна Фетисова


One of the main tasks for the agro-industrial complex and the country as a whole is to ensure high-quality and rational use of agricultural land. The solution to the country's food problem depends on the condition of these lands, their fertility and profitability. Considering the changes that have occurred in the country, much attention was paid to the formation of the legal foundation for these transformations. Regulatory acts were actively adopted to improve land legislation and the part of civil legislation related to agricultural lands. Along with other government measures, legislation should ensure the interest of farms in the efficient use of agricultural land and the involvement of unused land in circulation.

The legal regime of agricultural land is one of the important aspects of land legislation of the Russian Federation. Agricultural land plays a key role in ensuring the country's food security, so its use and protection must be strictly regulated.

This article will discuss the main provisions of land legislation relating to the legal regime of agricultural lands. The concept and classification of such lands, as well as the features of their use and protection will be analyzed. The material will help to get an idea of what importance is attached to agricultural land in Russia, what requirements are imposed on their use and what mechanisms guarantee the protection of the rights of owners or users of these lands.

Article Details

Agricultural economics and policies


1. Constitution of the Russian Federation (adopted by popular vote on 12/12/1993 with amendments approved during the all-Russian vote on 07/01/2020)
2. Land Code of the Russian Federation dated October 25, 2001 N 136-FZ (as amended on August 4, 2023) (as amended and supplemented, entered into force on October 1, 2023)
3. Federal Law "On State Regulation of Ensuring the Fertility of Agricultural Lands" dated July 16, 1998 N 101-FZ (latest edition)
4. Federal Law "On the turnover of agricultural land" dated July 24, 2002 N 101-FZ (latest edition)
5. Federal Law “On Peasant (Farming) Economy” dated 06/11/2003 N 74-FZ (latest edition)
6. Federal Law "On the transfer of lands or land plots from one category to another" dated December 21, 2004 N 172-FZ (latest edition)
7. Federal Law of July 3, 2016 N 354-FZ "On amendments to certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation in terms of improving the procedure for the withdrawal of land plots from agricultural lands when they are not used for their intended purpose or used in violation of the legislation of the Russian Federation"//" Rossiyskaya Gazeta", N 151, 07/12/2016
8. Order of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation dated July 4, 2005 N 145 (with amendments and additions) “On approval of Methodological Recommendations for the State Cadastral Valuation of Agricultural Lands” // The document was not published in this form. SPS "Consultant Plus"
9. Resolution of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation dated February 20, 2015 in case No. 305-AD14-5167 // SPS "ConsultantPlus".