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Нина Германовна Гаврилова


The development of medicine and the reduction of child mortality against the backdrop of high birth rates has made Africa a continent where the bulk of the population are young people of working age. Unemployment rates in African countries are high, and unemployed youth are particularly susceptible to becoming involved in criminal activities. Moreover, there exists a serious food security problem that threatens the health and lives of millions of Africans.

Africa's agricultural sector today cannot meet the continent's food needs: the sector's growth rate is lower than the population growth rate.

Moreover, African agriculture is on an extensive development path. Instead of introducing new technologies and increasing productivity, the growth of the sector is achieved by expanding the area under cultivation. This happens due to the high average age of farmers who prefer to use stable but outdated technologies and do not want to master the achievements of scientific and technological progress.

One of the ways to solve the identified problems – to eradicate unemployment among the younger generation, prevent hunger, and overcome the technological backwardness of the agricultural sector – is to attract young people into agriculture. The sector remains an unpopular employment field among young people, but their involvement in agriculture is beginning to gain momentum.

The paper examines some of the technology-based agribusinesses that are currently spreading on the African continent and that have managed to attract young entrepreneurs. They involve minimal investment and are designed to produce quick results.

These include the cultivation of basic annual food crops that yield several harvests per year, the breeding of quickly maturing animals (birds, sheep, snails, fish, etc.), the production of organic fertilizers, the development of food products from agricultural raw materials and their sale, and trade in tools and various materials for farming.

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