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Наталья Николаевна Симачкова Ирина Павловна Чупина Елена Васильевна Зарубина Людмила Анатольевна Журавлева Наталья Борисовна Фатеева


The forest fund is one of the most valuable natural resources of the country, with enormous ecological, economic and social significance.

The protection of forest lands is one of the most urgent and important problems in the Russian Federation. Forests play a key role in maintaining ecological balance, providing natural resources and creating a favorable environment for the life of many species of plants and animals. However, despite the importance of forests, the protection of forest lands faces various problems, such as illegal felling of trees, uncontrolled use of forest areas and insufficient financing, includes a set of measures to prevent illegal deforestation, protect against fires, control the use of forest areas and combat illegal timber extraction. However, despite the adoption of legislative acts and the development of appropriate programs, the state of protection of forest lands still raises serious concerns.

The authors considered the issues of legal regulation of the protection of forest lands in the Russian Federation, the state and factors affecting the problem of protection of forest lands, existing mechanisms and tools for the protection of forest lands. Prospects have been identified and recommendations have been made to improve the protection of forest lands in the Russian Federation.

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1. The Forest Code of the Russian Federation dated 04.12.2006 N 200-FZ (as amended on 08/04/2023) (with amendments and additions, intro. effective from 01.01.2024)
2. The Land Code of the Russian Federation" dated 10/25/2001 No. 136-FZ (as amended on 12/25/2023) (with amendments and additions, intro. effective from 05.01.2024)
3. Federal Law "On Environmental Protection" dated 10.01.2002 No. 7-FZ (latest edition)
4. The Law of the Russian Federation "On Subsoil" dated 02/21/1992 No. 2395-1 (latest edition)
5. Federal Law "On Specially Protected Natural Territories" dated 03/14/1995 No. 33-FZ (latest edition)
6. Federal Law No. 248-FZ dated July 31, 2020 "On State Control (Supervision) and Municipal Control in the Russian Federation"
7. The Regulation on Federal State Forest Control (Supervision), approved by Government Decree No. 1098 dated June 30, 2021 "On Federal State Forest Control (Supervision)".
8. Report of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Russian Federation https://www.mnr.gov.ru/press/news/rosleskhoz_obem_nezakonnoy_rubki_derevev_v_rossii_za_6_mesyatsev_2023_goda_snizilsya_na_36/
9. Kommersant, "A third more forests burned down in Russia than a year earlier" - statistics: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/6186404
10. Roslesinforg, "The area of forest development is growing in Russia" https://roslesinforg.ru/news/all/v-rossii-rastet-ploshchad-osvoeniya-lesov /
11. Federal Forestry Agency of the Russian Federation. Unified state automated information system for timber accounting and transactions with it. https://lesegais.ru/